Our liver is responsible for many important functions in our body. If he is sick or injured, he can take a lot of damage physically.
Liver disease (also called liver disease) is any liver disorder that causes disease. It is a broad term that covers all problems that lead to liver failure and reduced performance. As a rule, when more than 75 percent of the liver tissue is damaged, liver function decreases.
Let’s look at possible causes and warning signs of liver disease.
Causes of liver disease
Infection: Viruses and bacteria can infect your liver and damage it, causing inflammation. Parasites that cause liver damage are transmitted through contaminated food and water, through blood and semen, or through close contact with an infected person.
Immune system abnormalities: When your immune system attacks parts of your body, it can affect your liver. These disorders include autoimmune diseases such as autoimmune hepatitis and primary biliary cholangitis.
Genetics: Abnormal genes inherited from one or both of your parents can cause various substances to accumulate in the liver and cause liver damage. Examples include hemochromatosis, Wilson’s disease, and cancer.
Other common causes include:
Accumulation of fat in the liver
Certain herbal compounds and over-the-counter medications
Warning signs of liver disease
The most common symptom of liver disease is jaundice. If you are jaundiced, your urine will darken and the skin and whites of your eyes will be pale or yellowish.
Jaundice occurs when bilirubin accumulates in the blood. Bilirubin is a pigment produced when red blood cells break down. A damaged liver cannot absorb bilirubin and turn it into bile.
- Fluid accumulation
One of the first signs of liver disease is fluid retention. It occurs in 50% of people with cirrhosis, a disease in which scar tissue compresses healthy liver tissue.
Fluid retention can cause swelling and swelling in the legs. It occurs when the blood pressure in the liver arteries increases or when your liver is unable to produce albumin, a protein that prevents blood from flowing to the cells.
If you have liver disease, you may experience loose stools, vomiting, or rectal bleeding. Normally, blood travels through the liver like a car on a freeway, but in cirrhosis, the blood pathways become bumpy due to scarring.
As a result, the blood tries to find a way around. Blood rushes to the spleen, the dilated vessels dilate, clear the blockage, and bleed quickly. A healthy liver can make clotting proteins, but a diseased liver cannot. As a result, more blood is lost.
- Memory problems
Confusion and memory problems are common causes of liver disease. When your liver can’t filter out toxins, these toxins can enter your brain. It can cause memory problems, confusion, drowsiness, and even coma.
A doctor may prescribe lactulose to keep toxins in the colon and flush them out before they enter the bloodstream and reach the brain.